Dental disease is etimated to affect at least 70% of adult dogs and cats, bad breath is often an early sign of dental decay. Dental disease progresses in a number of different stages. The first stage involves the build up of plaque on the surface of the teeth; this is a soft, creamy layer that contains a mixture of saliva, cell debris and bacteria. These bacteria then causes ginigivitis (redness of the gums) and bad breath. Over time, minerals within the saliva also harden to form calculus, which appears as a brown covering over the teeth. Unfortunately, this is not just a cosmetic problem as calculus traps bacteria within the mouth, to further damage the gums and cause teeth to become loose. In addition, these bacteria can spread to other organs in the body, including the heart, kidney and liver.

Treatment usually involves a dental scale and polish, which is carried out under general anaesthesia. During this procedure, plaque and calculus are removed and, if the disease is severe, some teeth may need to be extracted. Unfortunately, even after a professional clean, plaque quickly reforms and therefore a preventative daily home-care routine is vital. It is important not to use human dental products as these often contain detergents, foaming agents and fluoride, all of which are designed to be rinsed and spat out. By contrast, the Logic ® range is specifically designed for veterinary use and contains an enzyme system that attacks bacteria within the mouth, helping to fight bad breath and control the formation of dental plaque. This is available as two products; Logic ® Oral Hygiene Gel for cats and dogs and Logic ® Orozyme Chews for dogs.

Please contact us if you would like to book your pet in for a dental check or if you have any further questions about how to improve your pet’s dental hygiene.

Summary and some additional advice

What are the symptoms of dental disease?

- bad breath
- problems eating
- gum and tooth pain
- tooth loss
- lethargy

What can your vet do to improve dental health?

- scale and polish to remove plaque and stains
- tooth extraction may sometimes be necessary
- treatments to prevent plaque reforming
- all treatments carried out under general anaesthesia

What can you do to improve dental health for cats and dogs?

- brush everyday with a pet toothpaste
- use a water dental additive
- give dogs dental chews every other day

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